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Earthquake disasters / catastrophic earthquakes

The best video reports, movies and documentaries about the biggest earthquake disasters of our lifetime; the 2011 Japan earthquake, the 2010 Haiti earthquake, the 2004 Indonesia earthquake, 1995 Kobe earthquake and 1976 Tangshan earthquake.
2011 Japan Earthquake and Tsunami
The 2011 Japan earthquake was a magnitude 9.0 undersea earthquake off the coast of Japan that occurred at 14:46 local time on 11 March 2011. It was the most powerful known earthquake ever to have hit Japan, and one of the five most powerful earthquakes in the world since modern record-keeping began in 1900.

The earthquake triggered powerful tsunami waves that reached heights of up to 40.5 metres (133 ft) in Miyako and which, in the Sendai area, travelled up to 10 km (6 mi) inland.
It caused 15,880 deaths as well as 130,000 buildings totally collapsed. The tsunami caused nuclear accidents, primarily the meltdowns at three reactors in the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant complex. Residents within a 20 km (12 mi) radius of the Nuclear Power Plant were evacuated.

The World Bank's estimated economic cost was US$235 billion, making it the costliest natural disaster in world history.

2010 Haiti Earthquake
The 2010 Haiti earthquake was a catastrophic magnitude 7.0 Mw earthquake, with an epicenter approximately 25 km (16 miles) west of Port-au-Prince, Haiti's capital. The earthquake occurred at 16:53 local time on Tuesday, 12 January 2010. An estimated three million people were affected by the quake.The highest reliable death count was estimated at 220,000.

The government of Haiti estimated that 250,000 residences and 30,000 commercial buildings had collapsed or were severely damaged. The earthquake caused major damage in Port-au-Prince, Jacmel and other settlements in the region. Many notable landmark buildings were significantly damaged or destroyed, including the Presidential Palace, the National Assembly building, the Port-au-Prince Cathedral, and the main jail.

2004 Indonesia Earthquake and Tsunami
The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake was an undersea earthquake that occurred at 00:58 UTC on Sunday, 26 December 2004, with an epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. With a magnitude of Mw 9.1-9.3, it is the third largest earthquake ever recorded on a seismograph. The earthquake had the longest duration of faulting ever observed, between 8.3 and 10 minutes.

The earthquake triggered a series of devastating tsunamis along the coasts of most landmasses bordering the Indian Ocean, killing over 230,000 people in fourteen countries, and inundating coastal communities with waves up to 30 meters (98 ft) high.
It was one of the deadliest natural disasters in recorded history. Indonesia was the hardest-hit country, followed by Sri Lanka, India, and Thailand.

1995 Kobe Earthquake
The Kobe earthquake occurred on Tuesday, January 17, 1995, at 05:46 local time. It measured a magnitude 6.8 .The tremors lasted for approximately 20 seconds. The focus of the earthquake was located 16 km beneath its epicenter, 20 km away from the city of Kobe.

Approximately 6,434 people lost their lives; about 4,600 of them were from Kobe. Among major cities, Kobe, with its population of 1.5 million, was the closest to the epicenter and hit by the strongest tremors.
This was Japan's second worst earthquake in the 20th century. It caused approximately ten trillion yen ($100 billion) in damage, 2.5% of Japan's GDP at the time.

1976 Tangshan Earthquake
The Tangshan Earthquake occurred on Wednesday, July 28, 1976. It is believed to be the largest earthquake of the 20th century by death toll.The epicenter of the earthquake was near Tangshan in China, an industrial city with approximately one million inhabitants. The earthquake hit in the early morning, at 03:42 local time, and lasted 14 to 16 seconds.

Chinese government official sources state a magnitude of 7.8. It was followed by a major 7.1 magnitude aftershock some 16 hours later, increasing the death toll to over 255,000.
The number of deaths initially reported by the Chinese government was 655,000, but this number has since been stated to be around 240,000 to 255,000.[ Another report indicates that the actual death toll was much higher, at approximately 650,000 and explains that the lower estimates are limited to Tangshan and exclude fatalities in the densely populated surrounding areas.
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